Membasuh Kaki

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Yohanes 13:1-17 | Pdt. Paulus Surya

Jesus Washes the Disciples' Feet (Listen)

13 Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his hour had come to depart out of this world to the Father, having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end. During supper, when the devil had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him, Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he had come from God and was going back to God, rose from supper. He laid aside his outer garments, and taking a towel, tied it around his waist. Then he poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples' feet and to wipe them with the towel that was wrapped around him. He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, “Lord, do you wash my feet?” Jesus answered him, “What I am doing you do not understand now, but afterward you will understand.” Peter said to him, “You shall never wash my feet.” Jesus answered him, “If I do not wash you, you have no share with me.” Simon Peter said to him, “Lord, not my feet only but also my hands and my head!” 10 Jesus said to him, “The one who has bathed does not need to wash, except for his feet, but is completely clean. And you are clean, but not every one of you.” 11 For he knew who was to betray him; that was why he said, “Not all of you are clean.”

12 When he had washed their feet and put on his outer garments and resumed his place, he said to them, “Do you understand what I have done to you? 13 You call me Teacher and Lord, and you are right, for so I am. 14 If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet. 15 For I have given you an example, that you also should do just as I have done to you. 16 Truly, truly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him. 17 If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them.

“Jadi jikalau Aku membasuh kakimu, Aku yang adalah Tuhan dan Gurumu, maka kamupun wajib saling membasuh kakimu.” (ayat 14). Apa artinya Yesus membasuh kaki murid-muridNya?

Teladan supaya saling melayani
Pada zaman itu, kebanyakan orang berpergian dengan berjalan kaki memakai sandal terbuka di jalanan yang penuh dengan debu. Tuan rumah yang baik akan menyediakan air dan pelayan untuk membasuh kaki tamunya, tetapi tuan rumah sendiri tidak akan melakukannya. Dengan Yesus membasuh kaki murid-muridNya, Ia mengajarkan agar mereka juga bisa bersikap seperti pelayan yang mau melayani satu dengan yang lain.

Teladan supaya saling merendahkan diri
“Yesus mengambil sehelai kain lenan dan mengikatkannya pada pinggangNya.” (ayat 4). Tindakan ini menunjukkan Ia merendahkan diri menjadi seperti seorang pelayan (bandingkan dengan Filipi 2:6-7). Merendahkan diri di sini juga menunjuk kepada tindakan untuk mengutamakan kepentingan orang lain.

Teladan supaya saling mengasihi
“Ia mengasihi mereka (murid-muridNya) sampai pada kesudahannya.” (ayat 1). Yesus mengasihi murid-muridNya padalah Ia tahu bahwa mereka akan lari meninggalkan Dia bahkan ada yang akan menyangkal dan mengkhianatiNya. Jadi, mengasihi di sini berarti tetap berbuat baik dan benar kepada orang lain sekalipun mereka tidak berbuat baik kepada kita.

Arti yang lebih dalam dari membasuh kaki di sini menunjuk kepada pembasuhan oleh darah Yesus atas kekotoran dosa kita. Oleh sebab itu Yesus berkata kepada Petrus bahwa, “Jikalau Aku tidak membasuh engkau, engkau tidak mendapat bagian di dalam Aku.” (ayat 8). Kita hanya mendapat bagian dalam Kristus jikalau darahNya menyucikan kita. Hanya dengan darah Yesus menyucikan kita, maka kita baru bisa dimampukan untuk saling melayani, saling merendahkan diri dan saling mengasihi.

Ringkasan kotbah Pdt. Paulus Surya, 20 Oktober 2019